Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Technical Paper Series 01
Salient Features Of Social Accounting Matrix Of Pakistan For 1989 90: Disaggregation Of The Households Sector
Publication Year : 1999

Interest In The Social Accounting Matrix (Sam) Has Mainly Occurred In The Last Three Decades, When It Was Extensively Used As A Tool For Policy Analysis. For Example, Pyatt And Round (1977, 1979, 1985), Pyatt (1985, 1988, 1991a, 1991b), King (1985), Thorbecke (1985), James And Khan (1993), And Iqbal (1996) All Provide Excellent Introduction To Sams And Their Uses. The Sam Framework Is Also Commonly Used In Computable General Equilibrium (Cge) Models For Analysing Structural Adjustment Reforms And Their Impact On Income Distribution And Poverty In Developing Countries (For Example, Robinson (1988) And Taylor (1990) Provide A Comprehensive Survey On Sambased Cge Modelling). The Classification And Disaggregation Of Accounts In A Social Accounting Matrix Can Take Various Forms, Depending On How The Constituent Accounts Are Defined And Depending On One’S Analytical Interests And Specific Policy Concerns. There Are Two Main Objectives Of The Paper. First, It Develops A Latest Social Accounting Matrix For The Year 1989-90 With Possible Disaggregation Of The Households Sector Based On Income Levels. It Is Worth To Note That Earlier Social Accounting Matrix For The Year 1984-85 Developed By The Federal Bureau Of Statistics Did Not Provide A Disaggregation Of The Households Sector. This Limits The Analysis Of The Households Sector, Particularly When Distributive And Redistributive Aspects Need To Be Given Importance. Therefore, This Paper Fills This Gap. The Sam Developed Here Will Later Assist In Operationalizing The Cge Model To Be Developed For Pakistan In Order To Analyse The Micro Impact Of Macroeconomic Adjustment Polices (Mimap) On Income Distribution And Poverty In Pakistan Under Mimap-Pakistan Project. Second, This Paper Intends To Calculate The Impact Multipliers Of Socio-Economic Linkages Using The Static Fixed-Price Sam-Based Framework.