THE PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Choice Of Technique And The Volume Of Saving (A Re-Examination Of The Cobb-Douglas Model)
The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between the degree of aggregate labour-intensity and the aggregate volume of saving in an economy where a Cobb-6ouglas production function in its traditional form can be assumed to give a good approximation to reality. The relationship in ques¬tion has an obviously important bearing on economic development policy in the area of choice of labour intensity. To the extent that and in the range where an increase in labour intensity would adversely affect the volume of savings, a con¬flict arises between two important social objectives, i.e., higher rate of capital formation on the one hand and greater employment and distributive equity on the other. If relative resource endowments in the economy are such that such a “competitive” range of labour-intensity falls within the nation’s attainable range of choice, development planners will have to arrive at a compromise between these two social goals.