Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

PDR

THE PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT REVIEW 

Cognitive Equality and Educational Policies: An Example from Pakistan

An empirical study of distributions of examination scores within secondary schools in Karachi shows that intraschool inequalities are relatively large. The results of several analyses are consistent with the hypothesis that either schools in Karachi do not care about the equality of their students’ cognitive achievement, or if they do care, current policies are ineffective at reducing or widening their distributions of scores.

Simin Lithouhi, Sadequa Dadabhoy, Robert E. Klitgaard

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