Pakistan Institute of Development Economics



Exchange Rate Pass-through to Consumer Prices in Pakistan: Does Misalignment Matter?

This study investigates the impact of exchange rate changes on consumer prices (commonly known as exchange rate pass-through (ERPT)) in Pakistan for the period 1995M1 to 2009M3. The study estimates short-run and long-run ERPT in Pakistan while taking into account the existing real exchange rate misalignment (RERM). The results suggest that the ERPT to consumer price inflation in Pakistan is very low (close to zero). The impact of the previous periods’ misalignment on inflation is found significant in managed exchange rate regime. However, the overall sample misalignment does not affect inflation. The impact of foreign inflation on domestic inflation is positive and statistically significant.