Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Technical Paper Series 17
Gender, Poverty, And Occupational Choice In Poor And Non Poor Households: An Analysis Based On The Household Survey Data Of Pakistan
Publication Year : 2003

In Recent Years, Increasing Economic Integration And The Pursuit Of Flexible Forms Of Labour Market To Retain Or Improve Competitiveness Has Resulted In The Feminisation Of Labour Force In Most Developing Countries. However, Despite The Increase In Labour Force Participation The Females Are Still In The Disadvantaged Position In The New Labour Market Setup Particularly In Terms Of Low Wages, Limited Access To Training, And Higher Incidence Of Poverty Among Working Female Headed Households. This Disadvantaged Position Of Females May Be Attributed To Differences In Personal Characteristics Of The Working Males And Females, Limited Occupational Choices For Females And Gender Discrimination In The Labour Market.