Devolution in Pakistan is an evolving subject. Even as we speak fresh local government law is being debated and developed for legislation sometime this year. Devolution in Pakistan is moving in the direction of the expectations for city management in the rest of the world (see Box1). The debate on local government is sporadic but converging to the placing of responsibility for public service delivery primarily on the local government. Consensus is developing around key social services—school education, basic health care, water and sanitation as well as development and maintenance of key infrastructure for citizen welfare and happiness (e.g., community services, entertainment, libraries, sports etc.)—being primarily in the domain of the local government.