THE PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema, Muneer Mahmud, and Mustansar Billah (eds.). Pakistan and Changing Scenario: Regional and Global. Islamabad: Policy Research Institute, 2008. 166 pages. Price not given.
There are major developments taking place around the globe affecting Pakistan and the region. Pakistan is dealing with various social, cultural and security issues on its internal side. On the other hand, the dynamics of globalisation are also having an impact offering both challenges and opportunities. Taking into consideration the need for an expert discussion on such issues facing Pakistan, the Islamabad Policy Research Institute held a seminar on “Pakistan and Changing Scenario: Regional and Global”. This book contains the research presented in this seminar and is divided into six chapters. The first chapter in its first paper on “Education in Pakistan: Historical Perspective” reviews various education policies starting with Quaid-i-Azam’s views on education then discusses financing in education and current data on education. The common factors in all these policies were Islamic values, universal primary education, technical education, quality education and national unity. However there was less success in achieving the goals like the integration of madrassa education with mainstream education, the removal of the class barrier between English and Urdu medium students, bridging the rural-urban areas gap and reaching a hundred percent literacy rate.