Human Resource Management (HRM) is a process of procuring, developing, maintaining and controlling competent human resource in the organisation so that the organisational goals are achieved in an effective manner. HRM has undergone tremendous change in its functions over the past 20-30 years. Many years ago, large organisations looked at the “Personnel Department,” mostly to manage the paperwork around hiring and paying people. But more recently, organisations consider the major role of HR Department as staffing, training and helping to manage people so that people and the organisation perform at the highest level of their capacity. The modern HRM views manpower as resource and asset of the organisation rather than just considering it burden on the resources. Usually large national and international businesses utilise these services due to their multidimensional operations and sizable employment. Small businesses carry out these activities by themselves to save cost associated with full-or part time help. However, they generally ensure that employees have—and are aware of— personnel policies conform to prevailing regulations. These policies are developed by the HRM professionals in the form of employee manuals and handbooks.