Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

PDR

THE PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT REVIEW 

Tax Incidence by Income Classes in Pakistan

In this study an attempt has been made to estimate the incidence of federal taxes, for the fiscal year 1978·79, on households belonging to different incomebrackets. All the major direct and indirect taxes have been studied. The tax system turns out to be slightly progressive for the country as a whole. For urban areas, it is slightly progressive, and for rural areas it is slightly regressive. Indirect taxes, a major source of the federal government tax revenue, are generally slightly regressive.

Najam Us Saqib ., Muhammad Hussain Malik

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