The goal of full employment is one of the most desired objectives of economic planning. The nature of the employment problem in developed countries is different from that in the less developed ones. For a realistic solution to these problems, it is essential to examine the employment problem in the right perspective and to study its various dimensions in detail. This volume provides an analytical insight into the various aspects of the employment problem in less-developed countries. The nature of the unemployment problem in under-developed countries, its causes and solutions are discussed with empirical evidence from different countries.