THE PAKISTAN DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
Underemployment in Pakistan
The paper measures the degree of underemployment in Pakistan through direct and indirect approaches. In the direct approach, persons working for less than 35 hours per week are classified as underemployed. The indirect approach uses estimates of productivity per worker to determine underemployment in different sectors. The study concludes that underemployment in Pakistan is small and is largely concentrated in family organized production units in agriculture, trade and services.