Pakistan Institute of Development Economics



An Islamic Perspective on Inequality in Pakistan

This paper examines the distribution of income in Pakistan,and in each of its four provinces, from an explicit and formal Islamicperspective. A cardinally significant Atkinson-Kolm-Sen relative indexof inequality reflecting that perspective is proposed and computed fromthe full HIES data series for the years 1984-85, 1985-86, 1986-87, and1987-88. There is evidence of a significant decline in overallinequality in Pakistan from 1984-85 to 1987-88, but the level ofinequality remains very high. Inter-province and inter-urban/ruraldifferences in inequality profiles within Pakistan and each of itsprovinces are found to be generally less. significant thanintra-province and intraurban/ rural differences.

Geoffrey A. Jehle

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