MPhil Environmental Economics
Environmental Economics talks about the complex connections and wide interactions between Economics and the Environment. Over the last few decades, the tools of economic analysis have become essential in analyzing environmental problems and providing the basis for developing sustainable policy solutions. Environmental Economics is playing an increasingly central role in both understanding the causes of, and designing policy solutions to, existing environmental problems. Amongst others, economic analyses have been used to determine the net costs/benefits of different policy scenarios, to better understand how to achieve and sustain international co-operation, and to evaluate the efficiency of different environmental policy instruments. In these, and across a wide range of other issues, from biodiversity and ecosystem loss, air pollution to, more broadly, the link between the environment and sustainable economic development, the theory and applied tools of Environmental Economics are uniquely placed to inform and guide decision-makers in addressing environmental challenges. Keeping in view the importance of these issues and to bring the students closer to the frontier of knowledge, the Department of Environmental Economics was established at Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad, Pakistan to:
• Impart a sound understanding of the nexus between the economy and the environment;
• Teach major concepts and theories to explain and describe the economic behaviour of human beings and its impact on the environment.
• Outline and contrast the major economic schools of thought on the environment, and highlight the weaknesses of each market system (especially with regard to environmental aspects) and discuss the associated role of the government in the economy.
• Supply high quality personnel to the federal and provincial governments, to educational institutions, to research institutions and to the private sector.
The teaching curriculum focuses on developing the role and application of economic approaches for environmental issues, essential features of the market mechanism to control environmental degradation for sustainable economic development, the nature and treatment of environmental effects in economic reasoning and decision-making, and the application of environmental policy instruments based on economic analysis. The course work is based on contemporary environmental management approaches (e.g. ecological modernization, ecological economics, and industrial ecology) with substantial (physical) economy dimensions. After successfully completing this programme the students should:
• Have a basic understanding for the measurement of net social impact of alternative environmental options.
• Be able to apply economic tools for valuation and other non-economic decision-making tools; and also distinguish between economic valuation tools and policy instruments.
• Describe, critically review, and engage in the appropriate selection of the major existing economic tools for environmental management.
• Be familiar with the essential features of the range of contemporary conceptual frameworks and sustainability assessment approaches with a significant economic component.
Knowledge Creation and Dissemination for Sustainable Human-Nature Interaction.
Conduct and facilitate research focusing on the CORE, e.g., Conservation, Optimization, Reduction and Exploration.
In view of the current lack of awareness and knowledge of environmental issues, the M Phil Environmental Economics Program is designed to:
- Impart sound and critical understanding of the nexus between the economy and the environment.
- Teach major concepts and theories to explain and describe the economic behavior of human beings and its impact on the environment.
- Outline and contrast the major economic schools of thought on the environment, and highlight the weaknesses of each market system (especially with regard to environmental issues) and discuss the associated role of the government in the economy.
- Supply high quality personnel, focusing on dissemination of knowledge on environmental issues, to the federal and provincial governments, to educational and research institutions and to the private sector.
Eligibility Criteria for M.Phil Environmental Economics:
The eligibility criteria is: Masters in Economics, Agricultural Economics or BS-Honors with Economics, Biology, and Environmental Sciences (with at least a second division (annual system) or CGPA of 2.50 (out of 4.0 in the Semester System) are eligible to apply. Additionally those who have done masters or hold a BS-Honours degree (in other disciplines) but have sufficient working experience in the areas of Environment and Climate change may also apply.
Total Credit Hours: 39
Core Course Credit hrs: 21
Elective Course Credit hrs: 06
Thesis/Research Work 12
Duration: 2 years (with the provision of one year extension)
Semester wise program structure
|ENV-600||Economics of Environment and Natural Resources||3||Semester-I|
|ENV-615||Sustainable Development and Economic Policy||3||Semester-I|
|ENV-605||Measurement and Valuation in Environmental Economics||3||Semester-II|
|ENV-610||Estimation Techniques for Environmental Economics||3||Semester-II|
|ENV 631||Research Methodology for Environmental Economics||3||Semester-III|
|Research Proposal/ Thesis||Semester-III|
List of Elective Courses
|S.No||Course Code||Course Title||Credits Hrs|
|1||ENV 700||Population Dynamics and Environment||3|
|2||ENV 702||International Economics and Environment||3|
|3||ENV 704||Agricultural Economics and Environment||3|
|4||ENV 706||Industrial Economics and Environment||3|
|5||ENV 708||Governance and Global Environmental Issues||3|
|6||ENV 710||Urbanization and Environment||3|
|7||ENV 712||Poverty and Environment||3|
|9||ENV 716||Environment and Technology||3|
|10||ENV 718||Environment and Health||3|
|11||ENV 720||Environmental Economics: Energy Issues||3|
|12||ENV 722||Environmental Economics: Water||3|
|13||ENV 724||Environmental Economics: Forests||3|
|14||ENV 725||Economics of Climate Change||3|
|15||ENV 726||Public Finance and Environmental Policy Instruments||3|
|16||ENV 728||Remote Sensing and GIS for Environmental Economists||3|
|17||ENV 730||Ecological Economics||3|
|18||ENV 731||Science and Environment||3|
|19||ENV 732||Environmental Quality and Standards||3|
|20||ENV 734||Environmental Issues, Policies and Institutions in Pakistan||3|
Proposed Areas of Specialization for Environmental Economists
|Course Code||Course Title||Areas of Specialization|
|ENV 700||Population Dynamics and Environment||Environment and Socioeconomic Well being|
|ENV 710||Urbanization and Environment||Environment and Socioeconomic Well being|
|ENV 712||Poverty and Environment||Environment and Socioeconomic Well being|
|ENV 718||Environment and Health||Environment and Socioeconomic Well being|
|ENV 725||Economics of Climate Change||Environment and Socioeconomic Well being|
|ENV 702||International Economics and Environment||Environment, Trade and Industrial Development|
|ENV 706||Industrial Economics and Environment||Environment, Trade and Industrial Development|
|ENV 716||Environment and Technology||Environment, Trade and Industrial Development|
|ENV 720||Environmental Economics: Energy Issues||Environment, Trade and Industrial Development|
|ENV 731||Science and Environment||Environment, Trade and Industrial Development|
|ENV 704||Agricultural Economics and Environment||Agriculture and Natural Resources|
|ENV 722||Environmental Economics: Water||Agriculture and Natural Resources|
|ENV 724||Environmental Economics: Forests||Agriculture and Natural Resources|
|ENV 728||Remote Sensing and GIS for Environmental Economists||Agriculture and Natural Resources|
|ENV 730||Ecological Economics||Agriculture and Natural Resources|
|ENV 708||Governance and Global Environmental Issues||Environmental Laws and Governance- National and Global Issues|
|ENV 726||Public Finance and Environmental Policy Instruments||Environmental Laws and Governance- National and Global Issues|
|ENV 734||Environmental Issues, Policies and Institutions in Pakistan||Environmental Laws and Governance- National and Global Issues|