Pakistan Institute of Development Economics



Causality Linkages among Energy Poverty, Income Inequality, Income Poverty and Growth: A System Dynamic Modelling Approach

The energy services stipulation of a country discloses its importance as a decency of course of action necessary for economic prosperity, lessening the poverty and depolarising the social asymmetry [Barnes, et al. (2011)]. The accomplishment of basic needs of energy services that include excess to electricity, commercial use of energy for production process as well as usage of electricity in the residential areas and modern use of energy sources for cooking purposes portraits an image of high-quality living standard of individuals and offers a way forward to economic development.12 The notion of pro-poor growth is well documented in the recent literature for assurance of thinning the poverty that is congregated through translation of growth into the lives of poor by reshaping the income distribution23 for marginalised group of people. Ekouevi and Tuntivate (2012) and studies of international agencies [AGECC (2010); WHO (2006); UNDP and WHO (2009)] have preliminary acknowledged the need of improving the access to reliable and affordable modern energy services in the developing economies for economic prosperity and social welfare of individuals.

Ghulam Murtaza,

Muhammad Zahir Faridi.