Moving Up The Energy Ladder: The Impact Of Bisp Cash Transfers On Fuel Choices

PIDE Knowledge Brief No. 10:2020
Publication Year : 2020

Access To Modern Energy Is Essential For Good Health And Well-Being, Inclusive Communities, Resilience Against Climate Change, And Poverty Alleviation. Despite Immense Significance, Around 86 Percent Of The Population Consumes Traditional Fuels (Wood, Animal Dung, Crop Residues), While Wood Represents 54 Percent Of The Total Conventional Fuel In Pakistan. More Than 115 Million People Burn These Fuels With Open Fire Or Traditional Stoves For Cooking. It Poses Enormous Health And Environmental Risks (Iqbal & Nawaz, 2017). Estimates From Institute For Health Metric And Evaluation (Ihme) Show That The Death Rate From Household Air Pollution Is 56 People Per 100,000 Individuals In Pakistan In 2017. Exposure To Household Air Pollution Is High Among Women And Girls, Especially In Poor Households, Who Spend The Most Time In Cooking (Who, 2019). On Average, Low-Income Families Spend 34 Percent Of The Total Fuel Expenditure On Wood, While The Wealthy Households Spend Only 9 Percent Of Total Fuel Expenditure On Wood. While The Poor Households Spend 32 Percent Of Total Fuel Expenditure On Electricity, And The Wealthy Families Spend 64 Percent On Electricity (Gop, 2017). This Significant Burden Of Disease Accentuates The Need For The Use Of Modern Fuels To Improve Health And The Environment.