Historically, in Pakistan, electricity sector policymaking, regulation, and service provision were all under Government’s control. However, the lack of managerial capacity and fiscal resources restrict the Government from keeping pace with the growing demand for services. The Government of Pakistan (GOP) in 1992 prepared a strategic plan for restructuring the electricity sector. It unbundles vertically integrated utility, WAPDA, into separate generation, transmission, and distribution companies for better management. The GOP invited private capital in the generation sector to augment state-owned generation resources. The establishment of an autonomous regulatory agency to introduce transparent and judicious economic regulation in the power sector of Pakistan was also part of this plan.