Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Technical Paper Series 05
Profile Of Poverty In Pakistan, 1998 99
Publication Year : 2001

A Number Of Studies Have Been Undertaken During The Last Three Decades To Assess The Extent And Nature Of Poverty In Pakistan. These Studies Are Primarily Based On Data Generated By The Household Income And Expenditure Surveys (Hies), The Earliest Relating To 1963-64. Most Of The Studies Have Used The Calorie-Intake Approach To Assessing Poverty, Although A Few Recent Studies Have Also Used The Basic-Needs Approach To Determine The Level Of Poverty.1 There Is A Consensus Among The Studies That In The 1960s, Rural Poverty Increased While Urban Poverty Decreased. In The Following Decade, Poverty Declined At All Levels. This Declining Trend Continued Until 1987-88. Since Then No Real Consensus Emerged On The Trends In Poverty. Gazdar Et Al. (1994) And Jafri (1999), For Example, Show That Decline In Poverty Continued In The Early 1990s. Malik (1992); Amjad And Kemal (1997) And Ali And Tahir (1999), On The Other Hand, Show An Increase In Poverty During This Period.