Pakistan Institute of Development Economics


Theory and Practice of Understanding Corruption in Pakistan: Case Study of National Accountability Bureau, KPK

The factors of governance and good governance are pivotal for social and economic development. However, these factors seem dilapidated in Pakistan, as the image of Pakistan is bad in the comity of nations. Corruption is generally the plausible output of such conditions. For being rampant in the country, acceptability toward corruption has increased over time. This paper focuses on the understanding of corruption in the country with specific reference to anticorruption agency in the country.

Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with National Accountability Bureau and studying policy documents. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the interviews. The results show that many officers lack proper understanding of the phenomenon. Rather, many officers explained the phenomenon in term of recovering the public money that was looted by corrupt people. Furthermore, the officer were indifferent on definitions of integrity violations and corruption, as sometimes the definition of corruption was described too broad, and other times too narrowly.

With respect to most and least frequent types of corruption, it was revealed that illegal monetary benefits and illegal use of authority are considered among the major forms of corruption. With respect to least recurring types of corruption in NAB-KP, the issuance of Statutory Regulatory Ordinance (SRO) is considered as least occurring. The research shows different reasons behind the prevalence and mechanisms for its curtailment. At the end this research suggests some policy recommendations and further directions for future research in the field.

Asif Ali, Muhammad Jehangir Khan, And Saif Ullah Khalid

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