Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Afia Malik

Senior Research Economist

About Me 

Afia Malik is a Senior Research Economist in Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE), Islamabad. She received her master’s degree in Economics of Development at the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague. Passionate researcher with 30 plus years of experience in various research projects. Current research interests are in energy economics and regulatory economics. She has several publications on critical national issues, including power crisis, circular debt, corporate governance in energy companies, privatization, regulatory authorities, petroleum & gas structure and pricing, oil price shocks and their impact, and so on.

Area of Interest

Energy, Regulation


Masters in Economics of Development, 1996

Contact Me 


Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

Social Links 

Contribution to PIDE Research

Local Coal for Power Generation in Pakistan (Policy)

November 2023

Pakistan’s Nuclear Energy Outlook

October 2023

Local Coal For Power Generation In Pakistan

October 2023

Challenges and Reforms in Pakistan’s Gas Sector

October 2023

Decoupling of energy and growth in Pakistan

September 2023

Power sector woes

August 2023

Effective electricity regulation

August 2023

Managing energy imports to save forex reserves

June 2023

Electricity Tariff Design: A Survey (Policy)

February 2023

Imf Programme And Energy Crisis

February 2023

Power System And Blackouts

February 2023

Legal basis for uniform electricity tariff

December 2022

Electricity Distribution Failing: Is Privatization a Solution?

December 2022

NEPRA Amendment in Net-metering Regulation

October 2022

Effectiveness of Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority

September 2022

Gas Crisis In Pakistan

September 2022

Electricity Tariff Design: A Survey

August 2022

National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA)

February 2022

Thoughts on Integrated Generation Capacity Expansion Plan (IGCEP) 2021-30

February 2022

Privatisation of Electricity Distribution Companies—A Way Forward?

February 2022

Power Sector: Effective Regulation not Regulatory Burden

January 2022

Thoughts on Urban Resilience and Utility Services

November 2021

Urban Resilience and its Impact on Electricity Provision in Karachi, Islamabad and Peshawar

November 2021

Corporate Governance in the State-Owned Electricity Distribution Companies

September 2021

Gas and Petroleum Market Structure and Pricing

May 2021

In power projects: History, Policy and Politics

Developing Electricity Market

Unlocking Energy Innovations

Energy Productivity for sustainable development

Circular debt – an Unfortunate Misnomer (P & R Vol.2 Issue 5)

Pide Energy Roundtables

July 2020

The Gas System In Pakistan

July 2020

Energy Productivity for Sustainable Development – Pt II

July 2020

Energy Productivity for Sustainable Development – Pt I

July 2020

Circular Debt—an Unfortunate Misnomer

January 2020

An Assessment of Pakistan’s Export Performance and the Way Forward

September 2017

Power Crisis In Pakistan: A Crisis In Governance?

January 2012

Crude Oil Price, Monetary Policy and Output: The Case of Pakistan

December 2008

Manoranjan Mohanty, Richard Baum, Rong Ma, George Mathew (eds.). Grassroots Democracy in India and China: The Right to Participate.(Shorter Notices-2008-1)

February 2008

How Pakistan Is Coping with the Challenge of High Oil Prices

December 2007

Ejaz Akram. Ideals and Realities of Regional Integration in the Muslim World: The Case of the Economic Cooperation Organisation. (Shorter Notices-2007-3)

September 2007

Pradip Ninan Thomas and Jan Servaes (ed.). Intellectual Property Rights and Communications in India: Conflicting Traditions. (Shorter Notices-2006-3)

September 2007

Noureddine Berrah, Fei Feng, Roland Priddle, and Leiping Wang. Sustainable Energy in China: The Closing Window of Opportunity. (Shorter Notices-2007-2)

May 2007

Effectiveness of Regulatory Structure in the Power Sector of Pakistan

January 2007

Hans De Wit, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo, Jocelyne Gacel-Avila, and Jane Knight (eds.). Higher Education in Latin America: The International Dimension. (Shorter Notices-2005-2)

June 2005

Harry G. Broadman, James Anderson, Constantijn A. Claessens, Randi Ryterman, Stefka Slavova, Maria Vagliasindi, and Gallina A. Vincelette. Building Market Institutions in South Eastern Europe: Comparative Prospects for Investment and Private Sector Development. (Shorter Notices-2004-3)

September 2004

Stuart Gillespie and Lawrence J. Haddad. The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Asia: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2003. Paperback. Indian Rs 280.00. 235 pages.

September 2003

Govind Kelkar, Dev Nathan, and Pierre Walter (eds.). Gender Relations in Forest Societies in Asia: Patriarchy at Odds. (Shorter Notices-2003-3)

September 2003

Brij Kothari, P. G. Vijaya Sherry Chand, and Michael Norton (eds.). Reading Beyond the Alphabet: Innovations in Lifelong Literacy. (Shorter Notices-2003-2)

June 2003

Naila Kabeer, Geetha B. Nambissan, and Ramya Subrahmanian. Child Labour and the Right to Education in South Asia: Needs versus Rights? New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2003. 412 pages. Paperback. Indian Rs 365.00.

February 2003

Taeko Hoshino. Industrialisation and Private Enterprises in Mexico. Chiba: Institute of Developing Economies. (Shorter Notices-2002-2)

June 2002

Srinavas R. Melkote and H. Leslie Steeves. Communication for Development in the Third World: Theory and Practice for Empowerment. (Shorter Notices-2002-1)

March 2002

Debt and Economic Growth in South Asia

December 2001

Brenda Cranney. Local Environment and Lived Experience: The Mountain Women of Himachal Pradesh. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2001. Hardbound. 287 pages. Indian Rs 495.00.

September 2001

John G. Sommer. Empowering the Oppressed: Grassroots Advocacy Movements in India. (Shorter Notices-2001-3)

September 2001

Debal K. SinghaRoy (ed). Social Development and the Empowerment of Marginalised Groups: Perspectives and Strategies. (Shorter Notices-2001-2)

July 2001

Rita Manchanda (ed.). Women, War and Peace in South Asia: Beyond Victimhood to Agency. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2001. 304 pages. Paperback. Indian Rs 295.00.

February 2001

The Relationship between Real Wages and Output: Evidence from Pakistan

December 2000

Demand for Textile and Clothing Exports of Pakistan

January 2000

Norman Uphoff, Milton J. Esman and Anirudh Krishna. Reasons for Success: Learning from Instructive Experiences in Rural Development. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998. Paperback. Indian Rs 250.00. 233 pages.

September 1998

Gary Saxonhouse and T. N. Srinivasan (eds). Development, Duality, and the International Economic Regime: Essays in Honour of Gustav Ranis. (Shorter Notices1998-3)

September 1998

Prayag Mehta. Psychological Strategy for Alternative Human Development: India’s Performance Since Independence. (Shorter Notices-1998-2)

June 1998

Ross Mallick. Development, Ethnicity and Human Rights in South Asia. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1998. Hardbound. Indian Rs 425.00. 375 pages.

March 1998

John Robert Shotton. Learning and Freedom: Policy, Pedagogy and Paradigms in Indian Education and Schooling. (Shorter Notices-1998-1)

March 1998

Kamal Nayan Kabra. Development Planning in India: Exploring an Alternative Approach. (Shorter Notices-1997-3)

September 1997

K. C. Zachariah and S. Irudaya Rajan (eds). Kerala’s Demographic Transition: Determinants and Consequences. (Shorter Notices-1997-2)

June 1997

Barbara Harriss-White. The Political Economy of Agricultural Markets in South India: Masters of the Countryside. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1996. 425 pages. Hardbound. Indian Rs 395.00.

March 1997

Raff Carmen. Autonomous Development: Humanising the Landscape: An Excursion into Radical Thinking and Practice. (Shorter Notices-1997-1)

March 1997

Jan Sarvaes, Thomas L. Jacobson and Shirley A. White (eds). Participatory Communication for Social Change. New Delhi: Sage Publications. 1996. 286 pages. Hardbound. Indian Rs 325.00.

September 1996

Peter Knorringa. Economics of Collaboration: Indian Shoemakers between Market and Hierarchy. (Shorter Notices-1996-3)

September 1996

Exports, Growth and Causality: An Application of Co-integration and Error-correction Modelling

December 1995